Cannabinoids are chemical compounds in the cannabis Sativa plant that interact with receptors in our central nervous system.
This feature ensures that they can be successfully used for therapeutic use.
Also, CBD was broadly used during the covid-10 pandemic … find out more about it here.
Cannabinoids: Benefits And Uses
Medical cannabis uses cannabinoids to treat chronic pain and many other conditions.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a cannabinoid devoid of psychotropic properties, which is increasingly used to treat anxiety, stress, chronic pain, muscle aches and menstrual pain. Being perfectly legal and having practically non-existent side effects, it doesn’t need any medical prescription. CBD strengthens the immune system and has long-term benefits on mood and the sleep-wake cycle.
Cannabigerol (CBG) is another cannabinoid with no psychoactive properties. It is the first cannabinoid to develop on the plant and is responsible for forming CBD and THC. It has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, and according to some studies, it could help treat psoriasis and anxiety.
Cannabinol (CBN) is another safe cannabinoid, devoid of psychotropic properties but rich in calming, anxiolytic and mildly sedative properties. In combination with CBD and melatonin, it is excellent for fighting insomnia.
Tetrahydrocannabinol THC is the main compound of Cannabis Sativa and the one with the most excellent psychotropic effect and it is not yet legal. However, THC is also used for therapeutic use due to its properties. In addition to being an appetite stimulant, it can become necessary to relieve pain, nausea and other unpleasant symptoms of some diseases.
Cannabinoids And Doping Controls
In 2018, doping controls were carried out in Italy during 141 sporting events involving 594 athletes, of which:
388 males (65.3%) and 206 females (34.7%), with an average age of 25.7 years (26.3 males and 24.7 females).
From the results of the analyzes conducted by the anti-doping laboratory of the FMSI (Italian Sports Medical Federation), it emerged that of the 594 controlled athletes, 13 tested positive for anti-doping tests. Therefore 2.2% of the athletes were subjected to head. The active ingredients that were revealed to the controls are divided into:
– Cannabinoids 33.3% (THC, 5 cases)
– Anabolic agents 26.7% (2 cases with Tibolone, 1 with Mesterolone and 1 with Clostebol)
– Stimulants 26.7% (4 cases. Oxilofrina, Ephedrine, Tuaminoheptane and Cocaine)
– Hormonal and metabolic modulators 6.7% (1 case. Meldonium)
– Narcotics 6.7% (1 case. Methadone)
The anti-doping control activity of the Ministry is entrusted by Law No. 376 of 14 December 2000 to the Section for the supervision and control of doping and the protection of health in sports activities.
Cases of positivity to THC, one of the best-known active ingredients of the Cannabis plant, have re-launched interest in the rules governing the use of cannabidiol (CBD) in sports.
Even CBD, due to its anti-inflammatory and anxiolytic properties, has been used by some athletes recently and is not considered a doping substance.
What is meant by doping substances?
According to the Law of 14 December 2000, n. 376, which regulates the health protection of sports activities and the fight against doping in Italy, doping means:
“The administration or intake of biologically or pharmacologically active substances and the adoption or subjecting to medical practices not justified by pathological conditions and suitable for modifying the psychophysical or biological conditions of the organism to alter the competitive performance of athletes”.
In the list of substances considered doping released in January 2018 by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA-AMA), all the substances prohibited in sports are divided by category.
Cannabidiol is not included among these, with explicit exclusion from the list. With the decree of 11 June 2019, Europe also adopts the list drawn up by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA-AMA).
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